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Si Barcelona fuese co-capital no se solucionarían todos nuestros problemas, ni mucho menos, pero sería bueno para Barcelona, Cataluña y España. [110][111], Today, the headquarters and a large factory of SEAT (the largest Spanish automobile manufacturer) are in one of its suburbs. Most local services are operated by the TMB, although some other services are operated by a number of private companies, albeit still within the ATM fare structure. Frente a noviembre, la provincia de Tarragona (1,50%) fue la única que repuntó de la región. Most prominent among these is the University of Barcelona (established in 1450), a world-renowned research and teaching institution with campuses around the city. Capital: Barcelona Provincias: Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida y Tarragona. 1900–2005", "Poblacion por edades quinquenales y sexo. The Museum of Natural Sciences of Barcelona was founded in 1882 under the name of "Museo Martorell de Arqueología y Ciencias Naturales"[153][154] (Spanish for "Martorell Museum of Archaeology and Natural Sciences"). The system is divided into fare zones (1 to 6) and various Integrated Travel Cards are available.[140]. The municipality includes two small sparsely-inhabited exclaves to the north-west. Barcelona's cultural roots go back 2000 years. See Spanish-English translations with audio pronunciations, examples, and word-by-word explanations. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. After bottoming out in 2000 with 1,496,266 people, the city's population began to rise again as younger people started to return, causing a great increase in housing prices.[71]. The Open Seat Godó, a 50-year-old ATP World Tour 500 Series tennis tournament, is held annually in the facilities of the Real Club de Tenis Barcelona. Con un aforo de 19.582 localidades, tras el cierre de las plazas del Torín y las Arenas, era la única donde se realizaban festejos taurinos en Barcelona, hasta la prohibición aprobada en el Parlamento de Cataluña. Barcelona es escenario de importantes festivales en el mundo de la música. Por otra parte, la inauguración del Puerto Olímpico y la remodelación del Puerto Viejo, en 1992, para que fueran sede de las competiciones de vela de los XXV Juegos Olímpicos, así como la reciente inauguración del nuevo puerto deportivo de San Adrián de Besós, en la zona del Fórum, ha impulsado la práctica de deportes acuáticos. El siguiente museo fruto de esta política es el Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Barcelona que había sido fundado en 1882[121]​[122]​ pero que fue reorganizado en 2011 con la unificación de hasta cinco instituciones: cuatro instituciones anteriormente ya existentes además de un nuevo museo, desde 2011 el principal espacio de exposición permanente de la institución. Catalan modernista architecture (related to the movement known as Art Nouveau in the rest of Europe) developed between 1885 and 1950 and left an important legacy in Barcelona. (siglos XIV-XV). Se encuentra situada en el noreste de España, a escasa distancia de Francia y de los Pirineos. It is the main component of an administrative area of Greater Barcelona, with a population of 3,218,071 in an area of 636 square kilometres (246 square miles) (density 5,060 inhabitants/km2). Since the arrival of democracy, the Catalan language (very much repressed during the dictatorship of Franco) has been promoted, both by recovering works from the past and by stimulating the creation of new works. The Barcelona metropolitan area comprises over 66% of the people of Catalonia, one of the richer regions in Europe and the fourth richest region per capita in Spain, with a GDP per capita amounting to €28,400 (16% more than the EU average). En esa edición España ganó 22 medallas, 13 de ellas de oro, 7 de plata y 2 de bronce. » v514, "Study of the Neolithic Excavation Site of the Sant Pau del Camp Barracks", "La esclavitud en la España Medieval. [69], The most important region of origin of migrants is Europe, with many coming from Italy (26,676) or France (13,506). Los más importantes han sido los dedicados a artistas concretos, como la fundación Joan Miró, la fundación Antoni Tàpies, o el museo Picasso, gracias a sus fondos propios conseguidos con donaciones y compras de las obras de estos autores, aunque el más concurrido sin duda es el museo del Fútbol Club Barcelona, situado en el Camp Nou. [108] The Barcelona metropolitan area had 67% of the total number of industrial establishments in Catalonia as of 1997. La procesión a Sant Medir. Historia, Listado de los galardones otorgados el año 1999 (inglés), Delegación del Gobierno en Cataluña, Ministerio de Política territorial, Alto precio del suelo industrial en Barcelona, Cataluña genera el 25% de las exportaciones españolas, «Página explicativa del proyecto del Distrito 22@ de Barcelona», Cataluña lidera la participación de España en la investigación europea, «Barcelona Energía suministrará electricidad a 20 000 hogares en enero», Balanzas fiscales de las CCAA con el sector público estatal, Reticencias al traslado del CMT a Barcelona, estadístico de la Generalidad de Cataluña, macroeconómicos de la ciudad de Barcelona, Barcelona en cifras 2010, Min. The Fundació Joan Miró, Picasso Museum, and Fundació Antoni Tàpies hold important collections of these world-renowned artists, as well as the Can Framis Museum, focused on post-1960 Catalan Art owned by Fundació Vila Casas. [32] The city minted its own coins; some from the era of Galba survive. Barcelona España, Barcelona. Furthermore, the city has several smaller stadiums such as Mini Estadi (also owned by FC Barcelona) with a capacity of 15,000, Camp Municipal Narcís Sala with a capacity of 6,563 and Nou Sardenya with a capacity of 7,000. Competencias de la delegación del Gobierno -, Biocat, organismo público de promoción de la biomedicina y la biotecnología -, Boletín económico de ICE, Información Comercial Española, ISSN 0214-8307, N.º 2952, 2008 (Ejemplar dedicado a: Cataluña), pags. También es común el uso de patines sobre ruedas, especialmente en la zona de la Villa Olímpica y Ciutat Vella, dónde también hay diferentes "skateparks". The region's leading industries are textiles, chemical, pharmaceutical, motor, electronic, printing, logistics, publishing, in telecommunications industry and culture the notable Mobile World Congress, and information technology services. The city's main arteries include Diagonal Avenue, which crosses it diagonally, Meridiana Avenue which leads to Glòries and connects with Diagonal Avenue and Gran Via de les Corts Catalanes, which crosses the city from east to west, passing through its centre. [24], The origin of the earliest settlement at the site of present-day Barcelona is unclear. The port is undergoing an enlargement that will double its size thanks to diverting the mouth of the Llobregat river 2 kilometres (1 mile) to the south. Since the coming of the Spanish democracy, Barcelona had been governed by the PSC, first with an absolute majority and later in coalition with ERC and ICV. After being conquered by the Arabs in the early 8th century, it was conquered in 801 by Charlemagne's son Louis, who made Barcelona the seat of the Carolingian "Hispanic March" (Marca Hispanica), a buffer zone ruled by the Count of Barcelona. Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN) (ed.). Barcelona is also home to the Polytechnic University of Catalonia, and the newer Pompeu Fabra University, and, in the private sector the EADA Business School founded in 1957, became the first Barcelona institution to run manager training programmes for the business community. Piso de alquiler en la calle Verntallat del barrio de Gracia (Barcelona), muy próximo a la Plaça de la Virreina. Full Screen QTVR panoramic image", "Weather2Travel.com: Barcelona Climate Guide", "Valores Climatológicos Normales. Con la llegada del siglo XXI, los tres niveles de la administración han empezado una política de unificación de pequeños museos y colecciones para crear museos de mayor envergadura, con mayores fondos y con más atractivo. [103], A May 2017 article in England's The Telegraph newspaper included Barcelona among the Eight Places That Hate Tourists the Most and included a comment from Mayor Ada Colau, "We don't want the city to become a cheap souvenir shop [like Venice]". [126], Barcelona has many venues for live music and theatre, including the world-renowned Gran Teatre del Liceu opera house, the Teatre Nacional de Catalunya, the Teatre Lliure and the Palau de la Música Catalana concert hall. It is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Catalonia, as well as the second most populous municipality of Spain. Since 1987, the city has been divided into 10 administrative districts (districtes in Catalan, distritos in Spanish): The districts are based mostly on historical divisions, and several are former towns annexed by the city of Barcelona in the 18th and 19th centuries that still maintain their own distinct character. La ópera se sitúa en el Gran Teatro del Liceo, situado en la parte baja de Las Ramblas. Barcelona is located on the northeast coast of the Iberian Peninsula, facing the Mediterranean Sea, on a plain approximately 5 km (3 mi) wide limited by the mountain range of Collserola, the Llobregat river to the southwest and the Besòs river to the north. It was granted less than a month later. Esta procesión se realiza todos los años en el. En Barcelona hay varios puntos de interés declarados Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco. Barcelona es la segunda ciudad más grande del país luego de Madrid, y es capital de Cataluña, la región más grande de España en términos de producción económica. There's also the Ultratrail Collserola which passes 85 kilometres (53 miles) through the Collserola forest. The city also has the largest Jewish community in Spain, with an estimated 3,500 Jews living in the city. It has hosted about 30 sports events of international significance. Parque Güell, Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la Unesco desde 1984. The city borders on the municipalities of Santa Coloma de Gramenet and Sant Adrià de Besòs to the north; the Mediterranean Sea to the east; El Prat de Llobregat and L'Hospitalet de Llobregat to the south; and Sant Feliu de Llobregat, Sant Just Desvern, Esplugues de Llobregat, Sant Cugat del Vallès, and Montcada i Reixac to the west. Note: This text is entirely based on the municipal statistical database provided by the city council. In contrast, in 2017 the aged between 45 and 64 years formed the 56.9% of all Barcelonans; while in 1900 the aged 65 and older were just the 6.5 percent, in 2017 reached a 21.5. - Download From Over 151 Million High Quality Stock Photos, Images, Vectors, Stock Footage. Some remaining fragments of the Roman walls have been incorporated into the cathedral. Los Juegos Olímpicos de Barcelona 1992 (oficialmente denominados Juegos de la XXV Olimpiada) se celebraron en la ciudad condal entre el 25 de julio y el 9 de agosto de 1992. Internationally, Barcelona's name is wrongly abbreviated to 'Barça'. [citation needed] Near Barcelona, in Montmeló, the 107,000 capacity Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya racetrack hosts the Formula One Spanish Grand Prix, the Catalan motorcycle Grand Prix, the Spanish GT Championship and races in the GP2 Series. [141] A heritage tram line, the Tramvia Blau, also operates between the metro Line 7 and the Funicular del Tibidabo.[142]. These beaches (ranging from 400 to 640 m (1,310 to 2,100 ft) were opened as a result of the city restructuring to host the 1992 Summer Olympics, when a great number of industrial buildings were demolished. Several museums cover the fields of history and archaeology, like the Barcelona City History Museum (MUHBA), the Museum of the History of Catalonia, the Archeology Museum of Catalonia, the Maritime Museum of Barcelona, the Music Museum of Barcelona and the privately owned Egyptian Museum. This subtype, labelled as "Portuguese" by the French geographer George Viers after the climate classification of Emmanuel de Martonne[65] and found in the NW Mediterranean area (e.g. The major thoroughfare of La Rambla is home to mime artists and street performers. An important business centre, the World Trade Center Barcelona, is located in Barcelona's Port Vell harbour. Barcelona is governed by a city council formed by 41 city councillors, elected for a four-year term by universal suffrage. While tourists spent an estimated €30 billion in 2017, they are viewed by some as a threat to Barcelona's identity. Between 1990 and 2004, the number of hotel rooms in the city doubled. [62] The total park surface grows about 10 ha (25 acres) per year,[156] with a proportion of 18.1 square metres (195 sq ft) of park area per inhabitant.[157]. [81] A considerable number of Muslims live in Barcelona due to immigration (169 locations, mostly professed by Moroccans in Spain). The city has a network of public schools, from nurseries to high schools, under the responsibility of a consortium led by city council (though the curriculum is the responsibility of the Generalitat de Catalunya). Barcelona as internationally renowned a tourist destination, with numerous recreational areas, one of the best beaches in the world,[97][98] mild and warm climate, historical monuments, including eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 519 hotels as of March 2016[update][99] including 35 five star hotels,[100] and developed tourist infrastructure. [127] It is home to the Barcelona Guitar Orchestra, directed by Sergi Vicente. FC Barcelona is a sports club best known worldwide for its football team, one of the largest and the second richest in the world. [45]​ Algunas de las obras incorporadas al acervo público en el nuevo siglo fueron: Árboles gemelos (2001), de Arata Isozaki; Tall Irregular Progression. Agencia Estatal de Meteorología y Ayuntamiento de Barcelona (BCN.CAT), ed. In the 18th century, a fortress was built at Montjuïc that overlooked the harbour. Many enterprises and public services were collectivised by the CNT and UGT unions. Barcelona was the leading slave trade centre of the Crown of Aragon up until the 15th century, when it was eclipsed by Valencia. Barcelona, la capital de Cataluña, situada al noroeste en la costa mediterránea, es sin duda la ciudad más cosmopolita y económicamente más activa de España. An experimental partial immersion programme adopted by some schools allows for the teaching of a foreign language (English, generally) across the curriculum, though this is limited to a maximum of 30% of the school day. [75], There exists a relatively large Pakistani community in Barcelona with up to twenty thousand nationals. Además, en los meses de verano se organizan diversas competiciones deportivas en las playas de la Ciudad. ", he said. También puedes incluir tu inmobiliaria. Some low-cost airlines, also use Girona-Costa Brava Airport, about 90 km (56 mi) to the north, Reus Airport, 77 km (48 mi) to the south, or Lleida-Alguaire Airport, about 150 km (93 mi) to the west, of the city. García, Jesús; Alfonso L. Congostrina y Oriol Güell. The 2004 Universal Forum of Cultures left the city a large concrete bathing zone on the eastmost part of the city's coastline. Borsa de Barcelona (Barcelona Stock Exchange) is the main stock exchange in the northeastern part of the Iberian Peninsula. 2010–2019", The Japanese and Europe: Economic and Cultural Encounters, "La mitad de las mezquitas de Catalunya están en Barcelona", "España experimenta retroceso en catolicismo – El Mundo – Mundo Cristiano", "Postelectoral Elecciones Autonómicas y municipales 2019. There have been many attempts to launch Barcelona as a fashion capital, notably Gaudi Home. Por último, en el siglo XXI continuó un cierto eclecticismo derivado de las tendencias postmodernas iniciadas en los años 1980, que ha deparado obras de diverso signo y estilo para la ciudad. Sign up for FREE today. [117] According to this law, Barcelona's city council is organised in two levels: a political one, with elected city councillors, and one executive, which administrates the programs and executes the decisions taken on the political level. Some of these competencies are not exclusive, but shared with the Generalitat de Catalunya or the central Spanish government. El antiguo Palacio de los Deportes se ha reconvertido en el Barcelona Teatre Musical, una gran sala de actuaciones donde suele haber programadas actuaciones de artistas. First Pakistani migrants came in the 1970s, with increasing numbers in the 1990s. He argues that these squats embrace an anarcho-communist and anti-work philosophy, often freely fixing up new houses, cleaning, patching roofs, installing windows, toilets, showers, lights and kitchens. Barcelona also is home to the Barcelona Symphony and Catalonia National Orchestra (Orquestra Simfònica de Barcelona i Nacional de Catalunya, usually known as OBC), the largest symphonic orchestra in Catalonia. Completa guía de inmobiliarias en Barcelona Capital, para que encuentres fácilmente tu inmobiliaria en Barcelona Capital con listados de propiedades disponibles, actualizados constantemente entre las 2802 inmobiliarias apuntadas. At present, the beach sand is artificially replenished given that storms regularly remove large quantities of material. [84], The Barcelona metropolitan area comprises over 66% of the people of Catalonia, one of the richer regions in Europe and the fourth richest region per capita in Spain, with a GDP per capita amounting to €28,400 (16% more than the EU average). Barcelona, la capital de la provincia de Cataluña de España, se encuentra en la costa del mar Mediterráneo, cerca de la frontera francesa. The Prime Minister of Spain, Mariano Rajoy, called the attack in Barcelona a jihadist attack. Each Christmas, a swimming race across the port is organised. The great plague of 1650–1654 halved the city's population.[43]. En los años siguientes continuó a buen ritmo la colocación de obras de arte en espacios públicos, con obras como: Cabeza de Barcelona (1992), de Roy Lichtenstein; Barcino (1994), de Joan Brossa; Personaje (1997), de Joan Miró; y La ola (1998), de Jorge Oteiza. Barcelona is served by Barcelona-El Prat Airport, about 17 km (11 mi) from the centre of Barcelona. Designed in 1929 for the International Exposition for Germany, it was an iconic building that came to symbolise modern architecture as the embodiment of van der Rohe's aphorisms "less is more" and "God is in the details. RENFE's AVE high-speed rail system, which is designed for speeds of 310 km/h (193 mph), was extended from Madrid to Barcelona in 2008 in the form of the Madrid–Barcelona high-speed rail line. ¡Empleos de Cajero/a, Mozo/a de almacén, Recepcionista y muchos más! Esto y el gran impacto mediático y de proyección de la imagen de la ciudad en todo el mundo ayudaron a crear la «marca Barcelona» y a atraer mucho turismo y marcas internacionales. PortAventura World, one of the largest resort in Europe, with 5,837,509 visitors per year, is located one hour's drive from Barcelona. Barcelona is designated as a world-class city by the Globalization and World Cities Study Group and Network. La estrategia de la candidatura consistía en presentar toda la ciudad como villa olímpica, dispersando las instalaciones deportivas por toda la ciudad. It is 120 kilometres (75 miles) south of the Pyrenees and the Catalan border with France. Video: 188631633 [33] The cathedral, known very formally by the long name of Catedral Basílica Metropolitana de Barcelona, is also sometimes called La Seu, which simply means cathedral (and see, among other things) in Catalan. Plaza De Espana In Barcelona, The Square Of The Capital Of Catalonia. [117], The Comissió de Govern (Government Commission) is the executive branch, formed by 24 councillors, led by the Mayor, with 5 lieutenant-mayors and 17 city councillors, each in charge of an area of government, and 5 non-elected councillors. [70] Knowledge of Catalan has increased significantly in recent decades thanks to a language immersion educational system. La ciudad está dotada de una red de completos polideportivos municipales que, sumados a los centros privados, facilitan la práctica del ejercicio físico, esto junto con el clima y la especial relación de la ciudad con el mar, hace de Barcelona una de las ciudades europeas con más practicantes de deporte. Las más populares son la Carrera de El Corte Inglés (con una media de 60 000 participantes anuales), la Cursa de la Mercè, la Carrera de Bomberos, la Carrera Jean Bouin, la Maratón de Barcelona, la Milla Sagrada Familia, la San Silvestre Barcelonesa, la Fiesta de la Bicicleta, la Travesía del Puerto de Navidad, o la Fiesta de los patines. The urban parks alone cover 10% of the city (549.7 ha or 1,358.3 acres). To moderate the problem, the city has stopped issuing licenses for new hotels and holiday apartments; it also fined AirBnb with a €30,000. As the capital of the autonomous community of Catalonia, Barcelona is the seat of the Catalan government, known as the Generalitat de Catalunya; of particular note are the executive branch, the parliament, and the High Court of Justice of Catalonia. Una de las principales zonas es el casco antiguo, repartido entre el barrio de El Raval, a un lado de las Ramblas, y el Barrio Gótico, al otro lado. This decline has been reversed since 2001, as a new wave of immigration (particularly from Latin America and from Morocco) has gathered pace. The average annual temperature of the sea is about 20 Â°C (68 Â°F). The 30 most densely populated neighbourhoods accounted for 57.5% of the city population occupying only 22.7% of the municipality, or in other words, 936,406 people living at an average density of 40,322 inhabitants per square kilometre. Barcelona is also home to numerous social centres and illegal squats that effectively form a shadow society mainly made up of the unemployed, immigrants, dropouts, anarchists, anti-authoritarians and autonomists. [78] In 2014, 322,698 out of 5.5 million people in the province of Barcelona identified themselves as Muslim,[81] which makes 5.6% of total population. Of the 73 neighbourhoods in the city, 45 had a population density above 20,000 inhabitants per square kilometre with a combined population of 1,313,424 inhabitants living on 38.6 km2 at an average density of 33,987 inhabitants per square km. Especially remarkable is the work of architect Antoni Gaudí, which can be seen throughout the city. Barcelona is the home of many points of interest declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO:[152], Barcelona has a great number of museums, which cover different areas and eras. Bajos de 2 habitaciones (1 doble 1 individual), salón comedor, cocina americana, baño con plato de ducha, habitación para trastero y terraza patio a interior de manzana. However, the Eurozone crisis and deep cuts in business travel affected the council's positioning of the city as a convention centre. Hay una gran cantidad y variedad de bares con un público formado por turistas, extranjeros residentes y una minoría de barceloneses.

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