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climate change in the midwest

Precipitation is greatest in the eastern part of the Midwest and less towards the west. In rare instances, authors and editors can meet the needs of both groups. May 30, 2019. A center-out strategy speaks to the Midwest’s particular character—and its economic importance. We conducted a literature review of projected climate change in the Midwest and the potential effects on white‐tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) and moose (Alces alces). In general, climate change will tend to amplify existing climate-related risks to people, ecosystems, and infrastructure in the Midwest (Ch. Difficult to plant. It will increase overall inequality. Climate change is expected to have many impacts on agriculture, forests, and other ecosystems in the Midwest. Source: USGCRP (2014)[9] The Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest series shows that without strong action to reduce heat-trapping emissions, midwestern states could face dramatic changes including increases in the … Global Change Research Program, Climate Change in the Midwest examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on the eight states that make up the region. [1] Forests are threatened by more frequent droughts, wildfires, and insect outbreaks. For more information on climate change impacts on water, please visit the Water Resources page. United States Department of Commerce. The region also has a large and increasingly utilized potential to reduce emissions that cause climate change. Major heat waves have been occurring more frequently across this region for many decades, resulting in increased deaths during these extreme events. Click the image to view a larger version.Temperatures are projected to continue increasing across the Midwest, with the greatest increases in average temperature expected in northern areas. “This is not Seattle or California,” said Howard Learner of the Environmental Law and Policy Center. On Wednesday, Dec. 2, at noon Eastern, Future Tense will host Heat Map: A Climate of Change in America, an online event about how the next president can fight climate change by working with local officials making decisions every day. ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE MIDWEST NORTHE NORTHEAT fisheries. Hughes, the farmer and state politician, practices no-till cultivation and other carbon sequestration techniques that also improve soil conditions and water retention, even though he doesn’t believe human activity causes climate change. So, while local solutions and perceptions are the key to success with climate change, the Midwest, like other regions, can’t always be left to its own devices. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Projected change in summer temperatures under different warming scenarios. The Climate Stories Contest is an art competition that calls upon students to tell the story of climate … And while he engages in farming practices that are good for both the environment and his farm, in July, he helped kill a bill to study the risks of climate change in Nebraska. This extreme precipitation and historic flooding in the region was the primary reason that farmers across the nation were prevented from planting nearly 20 million acres of insurable crops , setting a new record. Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Most of the Midwest’s population lives in urban environments. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. However, the report also shows that … Sediment runoff and erosion may clog reservoirs and reduce storage capacity. Average annual air temperatures are projected to increase in the near future (2041-2070) when compared to the end of last century (1971-2000) (top left). This figure shows the average maximum ice coverage by decade between 1963 and 2013. “But the impact of man’s activities in causing that are being really overblown,” Hughes said. Can We Convince the Sleeping Brain to Process Our Problems? Global Change Research Program, 418-440.Â. New, 84 comments. The annual mean temperature in Ohio has increased by about 1.2 degrees Fahrenheit (.7 degrees Celsius) since 1895. 5: Transportation. Climate research shows that if global warming emissions continue to grow unabated, the Midwest can expect dramatic temperature increases and other climate changes over the course of this century. [1][3][4] Heat stress is likely to increase in the future as a result of continued rises in temperatures and humidity in this region, resulting in more heat-related deaths and illnesses. Increased exposure to allergens caused by the lengthening of the pollen season is also expected to negatively impact human health.[1]. The amount of rain falling during intense events in the Midwest since 1991 has been more than 30% above the 1901–60 average, according to the latest National Climate Assessment, and the only other region to see more dramatic changes is the Northeast.. [8] The habitat of many fish species may also be degraded by harmful algal blooms, coastal erosion and flooding, and pollution runoff.[1]. CHICAGO — With the Earth on track to finish out another year among the warmest on record and the impact of climate change mounting around the globe, advocates around the Great Lakes are looking ahead to what a new administration could mean for the Midwest, the region containing one of the world’s largest freshwater sources. “I’m very protective of my environment because that’s where my living comes from,” he said, adding that local solutions and “problem solving on the ground seems a better fit with Nebraska.”. Farmers in the Midwest are already feeling the effects of climate change. This is the first study in the Midwest United States to observe and quantify … Climate change in Michigan encompasses the effects of climate change, attributed to man-made increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide, in the U.S. state of Michigan. [5] Changes in the Great Lakes are less clear, but water level decline may force reductions in the weight of cargo shipments and diminish the usability of coastal infrastructure, such as docks and piers. A third study, published in 2016, examined how climate change could alter streamflow in the Northeast and Midwest. At the national level, a center-out strategy should follow two tracks. There are plenty of clean energy, land management, and disaster resilience policies in place today in Indiana, Missouri, Kansas, and across the region. [1][7], Warmer temperatures, especially extreme heat, stress livestock animals and cause declines in meat, milk, and egg production. is a partnership of Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. The NCA Education Resources for the Midwest Region features guiding questions, key figures, related resources, reviewed lesson plans, videos for all of the NCA key messages for each region. . Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) The Midwest is not immune to climate change. This report, pre- pared as a contribution to the Third National Climate Assessment, addresses the poten- tial impacts of climate change on natural systems, human health, and several important economic sectors within the … … We need a center-out strategy.” A strategy, in other words, that starts at the country’s core, calibrating to what works there, and then carries out to other parts of the country, customizing as it goes. The impacts of climate change are real and profound for our most basic industry: food. The length of the frost free season is also projected to increase (bottom left). Two Weather Systems Could Bring Rain or Snow to Midwest, East and Northwest . 2/5/2020 . It matters not only to have “a seat at the table,” said Shalini Gupta, a Minneapolis-based health and environment expert, but also to have the right data and information “to be able to engage in these very technical spaces.”. Many communities N The Midwest is projected to experience higher temperatures, increased precipitation, and more frequent and intense storms. If the rate of emissions is lowered, however, projections show the changes will be significantly less. Much is at stake when it comes to the Great Lakes region. 2013a,Kunkel et al. Midwestern temperatures are expected to continue rising. For example, in 2019 some areas saw between 200-600 percent the historical normal amount of precipitation. As the climate crisis heats up, flooded farms in the Midwest can’t plant corn. ADAPTING TO CLIMATE CHANGE MIDWEST NORTHE NORTHEAT fisheries. In many ways, Hughes is a stereotypical Midwesterner. Additional expenses may also be incurred as the need to cool animal buildings increases.[7]. That probably sounds about normal for a farmer. Major heat waves have been occurring more frequently across this region for many decades, resulting in increased deaths during these extreme events. On average, the US is 2 degrees F warmer than it was 40 years ago. But rainfall during the four wettest days of the year has increased about 35 percent. Expected rises summer drought frequency and evaporation rates could reduce water levels in lakes and wetlands, as well as in important commercial waterways. Reduced lake ice has contributed to observed increases in summer water temperatures. Another set of lawmakers automatically associate the [term] with government overreach, higher energy prices, and misguided subsidies.”. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) The United States Environmental Protection Agency states that "Michigan's climate is changing. Soybeans may increase in yield early in the century because of the elevated carbon dioxide, but added stress due to increasing temperature is expected to offset this benefit later. The length of the frost free season is also projected to increase (bottom left). The report also warns of possible declines in crop yields, as high as 20 percent. The president of the St. Louis Board of Aldermen, Lewis Reed, told us the Missouri city has committed to a goal of 100 percent clean energy by 2035, the biggest city in the Midwest to do so, even though St. Louis is home to the world’s largest coal company. These projected changes pose challenges to communities as they protect the Great Lakes from algal blooms, protect water and waste infrastructure, and protect cold water are building … Because climate change may alter populations and harvest dynamics of key species in the region, midwestern states have identified the effects of climate change on ungulates as a priority research area. [5] USGCRP (2014). Schwartz, H. G., M. Meyer, C. J. Burbank, M. Kuby, C. Oster, J. Posey, E. J. Russo, and A. Rypinski, 2014: Ch. [6] Together, these lakes contain 84% of North America's surface freshwater, and provide drinking water to more than 40 million people.[1]. Climate change may intensify other stresses on urban dwellers and vegetation, including increased atmospheric pollution, heat island effects, a highly variable water cycle, and frequent exposure to new pests and diseases. In parts of the Midwest, the changes to precipitation and temperature may actually have some positive impacts, Kunkel said, such as extending the growing season of certain crops. And while the Midwest is maybe not quite the manufacturing powerhouse it once was, it still produces most of the cars and auto parts made in the United States, among other goods. A 2017 study projecting future economic climate impacts showed that many northern states are on track to experience more benefits than problems by the century’s end. . It’s all one subject matter.” One way to close the gap, community advocates told us, is to include local residents in the design process upfront, whether the policies are focused on cutting emissions, growing jobs, or improving resilience. Slate relies on advertising to support our journalism. Join Slate Plus to continue reading, and you’ll get unlimited access to all our work—and support Slate’s independent journalism. 2014). Extreme Weather and Climate Change: The Midwest. December 28, 2020. Richmond, and G. W. Yohe, Eds., U.S. Impacts are already being felt in the forests, in agriculture, in the Great Lakes and in our urban centers,” said Scavia, director of the Graham Sustainability Institute and special counsel to the U-M president on sustainability issues. 2013a,Kunkel et al. [1] However, less ice cover could benefit commerce if the shipping season lengthens. Competition judges are being assembled from participating Midwest Climate Summit campuses. Climate reporter. Climate Impacts in the Midwest- Climate Change Impacts on the Great Lakes This EPA page documents the impacts that the changing climate is and will have on the Great Lakes and other water resources in the Midwest. In contrast, moose may become physiologically stressed in response to warming, and increasing deer populations spreading disease … The Midwest’s agricultural lands, forests, Great Lakes, industrial activities, and cities are all vulnerable to climate variability and climate change. The Nature Conservancy brought together climate experts in Iowa Wednesday for the first of a three-part series on the long-term weather trends that are critically important for agriculture across the Midwest, while specifically covering data from Iowa. Source: USGCRP (2014). Global Change Research Program, 150-174.Â. But Hughes is also a senator in the Nebraska state Legislature. Midwest. [1] Air quality is already poor in parts of the Midwest and is projected to worsen with rising temperatures. Dan Hughes grows corn, wheat, pinto beans, millet, and yellow peas on his family farm near Venango, a tiny town on the far western edge of Nebraska. With all of that manufacturing and agriculture come greenhouse gases; the Midwest produces  one-quarter of the country’s emissions. The site contains information that will help educators and students gain a deeper understanding of climate science and the implications for the nation. Megan Schilling. You’ve run out of free articles. According to the most recent U.S. National Climate Assessment, released by the Trump administration in 2018, climate change will mean increases in extreme heat, humidity, soil erosion, rainfall… Three states in the region have greenhouse gas emissions targets (Illinois, Michigan, and Minnesota), all states in the region except Nebraska have some form of a state electricity portfolio standard, and Minnesota and Missouri have alternative fuel standards, according to the Center for Climate and Energy Solutions. As our Illinois climate continues to warm, we’ll see even more extreme rain events. 6: Agriculture. . Just as the Midwest became a political battleground that national candidates ignore at their peril, this region will be crucial to the success of any national climate change plan. Many tree species are expected to gradually shift their ranges northward. [1] The Midwest is subject to extremely cold air masses from the far north, and warm, humid air masses from the Gulf of Mexico, resulting in a wide range of both temperature and precipitation extremes. All contents © 2020 The Slate Group LLC. Yields of both crops could also be affected by an increase in disease-causing pathogens and delayed planting resulting from greater spring precipitation. “We have to be very thoughtful about how we talk about climate change,” said Jesse Kharbanda, executive director of the Hoosier Environmental Council. [3][5] Disruptions in barge traffic along the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers have already occurred. [4] USGCRP (2014). Luber, G., K. Knowlton, J. Balbus, H. Frumkin, M. Hayden, J. Hess, M. McGeehin, N. Sheats, L. Backer, C. B. Midwest. In the Midwest, extreme rainfall events and floods have become … Climate change will tend to amplify existing risks climate poses to people, ecosystems, and infrastructure. Direct effects will include increased heat stress, flooding, drought, and late spring freezes. Climate change will also exacerbate a range of risks to the Great Lakes. Learner said that a scientist from the University of California, Berkeley, might not get an entirely warm reception in the Midwest, but local talent is another story. On the biggest impacts of climate change on farming "If you look at the impacts on the Midwest from climate change, right now what we see primarily … The Confronting Climate Change in the U.S. Midwest series shows that without strong action to reduce heat-trapping emissions, midwestern states could face dramatic changes including increases in the number of extreme heat days, heavier rains in the spring causing delays in agricultural planting, and an expansion of the range for crop-damaging pests. [1] Midwestern cities with impervious infrastructure may result in surface runoff entering combined storm and sewage drainage systems. Source: USGCRP (2009). In 2019, it accounted for almost half of all farm income in the United States, generating $162 billion. The Midwest has a highly energy-intensive economy with per capita emissions of greenhouse gases more than 20% higher than the national average. At-risk communities in the Midwest are becoming more vulnerable to climate change impacts including flooding, drought, and increases in urban heat islands. United States Global Change Research Program. “Since I can remember,” said Hughes, a serious, bespectacled man in his mid-60s, “the weather has always been paramount in our family and our livelihood.” That weather has been causing a great deal of trouble for Nebraska farmers of late, with drought conditions this year and a record-setting “bomb cyclone” in the eastern part of the state in late 2019. Projected change in summer temperatures under different warming scenarios. [1] Drinking water quality may also decline as a result of heavier rainfall events (see Water Resources section). How a Deranged “Cat Wreath” Brought Our Neighborhood Facebook Page Together for the Holidays, The Biden Administration Needs to Keep Underseas Internet Cables From Drowning, The Best Video Games We Played This Year (We Had Time for Lots of Them). All rights reserved. By Letters to the Editor Jan 4, 2020, 7:00am CST [1] Projections of future precipitation indicate that heavy downpours are likely to occur primarily in winter and spring months while summers will become drier, especially in the southern portion of the region. The majority of rural voters in both the national and midwestern samples were concerned about climate change, but generally felt that addressing climate change was less important than did Americans in urban and suburban areas. The diverse landscapes of the U.S. Midwest, and the natural processes, livelihoods, and infrastructure associated with them, are vulnerable to climate change. More than a quarter of the U.S. population is expected to deal with sub-zero temperatures this week. Science As Climate Change Threatens Midwest’s Cultural Identity, Cities Test Ways to Adapt Spring floods, hot summers and warmer winters have been wake-up … Midwest farmers will be increasingly challenged by warmer, wetter and more humid conditions from climate change, which also will lead to greater incidence of crop disease and more pests … The contributors are among the best in their field. Slate, Fortunately, sound science tells us that we can make a real impact on climate change … [1] Source: USGCRP (2014) New America, and Midwestern Rain Events and Climate Change. Precipitation is greatest in the eastern part of the Midwest and less towards the west. These changes will likely be beneficial to white‐tailed deer, and the species is projected to … Climate change is an increasing concern for wildlife managers across the United States and Canada. During the next century, spring rainfall and annual precipitation are … Projected changes in climate and ecosystems will have strong impacts on these activities. Here’s the spring 2020 outlook. Summers in Illinois and Michigan might feel like current summers in Texas or Oklahoma by the end of the century. Temperature increase in the Midwest has accelerated in recent decades, particularly nighttime and winter temperatures. The study would have cost $250,000. Our scientists publish and our journalists report on climate …  Projections of future precipitation indicate that heavy downpours are likely to occur primarily in winter and spring months while summers will become drier, especially in the southern portion of the region. Higher average annual temperatures … What’s more certain, NOAA states, is that climate change is causing the jetstream to move toward the pole. 2013b; Pryor et al. In the Midwest, climate change is expected to negatively affect human health in a variety of ways and exacerbate existing health challenges. He has customers around the world, for example, and has to be competitive in countries with carbon markets. The region is already suffering the effects of climate change; average annual temperatures, the number of rain days, and the frequency of heavy rainfall events are all on the rise. Natural ecosystems in the Midwest are being altered by the combined effects of climate change, land-use change, and an influx of invasive species. For more information and to RSVP, visit the New America website. The 2019 bomb cyclone cost the state $1.3 billion. The Midwest is characterized by a rich diversity of native species juxtaposed on one of the world’s most productive agricultural systems. Extreme heat, heavy downpours and flooding will affect infrastructure, health, agriculture, forestry, transportation, air and water quality, and more. One of the first signs of change is likely to come with the rejoining of the Paris climate accord, which aims to curb warming below 2 degrees Celsius … It is such a case with Climate Change in the Midwest. In the Great Lakes and smaller lakes in the Midwest region, increased temperatures are likely to affect fish species. Click the image to view a larger version.For more information on climate change impacts on human health, please visit the Human Health Impacts page. Although the Midwest has a significantly larger white majority than the nation writ large, both the pandemic and environmental pollution more strongly affect the region’s Black population. 35, 36, 37 The combined effects of climate change, land-use change, and increasing numbers of invasive species are the primary threats … Published: November 16th, 2011; WHAT WE KNOW . Advancing Climate Change Solutions The Midwest is ground zero in the battle against climate change, and ELPC is working to accelerate smart solutions. The other track should use the national bully pulpit and tools, be unflinching about the scientific realities, and empower local champions, including the private sector, universities, governments, and people of color, to talk openly about climate change in their communities. My conversation with Hughes was one of a series that New America’s Resource Security team engaged in over the past year with a variety of people around the country who work on climate-related issues every day. Climate change also alters pests and disease prevalence, … More heavy downpours may increase the likelihood of property damage, travel delays, and disruption in services. 10: Energy, Water, and Land). First Place: $1,500; Second Place: $1,000 “If you want to be effective in a place like the Midwest, where the manufacturing base is so significant, you simply cannot say we want to put the environment first and economy and jobs second.”, Some approaches that can fight climate change don’t even require people to believe it’s real. That preference for local flavor can extend to education. Global Change Research Program, 130-149. Source: USGCRP (2009)[8] Southern and Midwestern US states will suffer the biggest economic losses from climate change, according to a new study. So it’s likely that derechos will shift poleward in a warming world, too. Global Change Research Program. Risks to human health are expected to rise with warmer temperatures, reduced air quality, and increased allergens. [1] USGCRP (2014)  Pryor, S. C., D. Scavia, C. Downer, M. Gaden, L. Iverson, R. Nordstrom, J. Patz, and G. P. Robertson, 2014: Ch. [1] Warming waters are expected to reduce the abundance of many coldwater species, including brook trout, lake trout, and whitefish. Yet environmental advocates in the Midwest say they can’t even use the term climate change if they want to work with state legislatures. The flooding in the Midwest was an artifact of climate change, never mind that, as Bjorn Lomborg points out, the U.N. isn’t sure whether flooding overall is getting more or less frequent. [2], The Midwest has gotten warmer, with average annual temperatures increasing over the last several decades. Tribal nations are especially vulnerable because of their reliance on threatened natural resources for their cultural, subsistence, and economic needs. Prizes for each submission category. Annual precipitation has already risen by as much as 20% in some areas. Climate change will also exacerbate a range of risks to the Great Lakes. The private sector has played a role as well. [1][3], Winter ice cover in the Great Lakes has changed in recent decades. Cambridge University Press, New York, NY, USA. The uptick in heavy rain isn’t a trend unique to the Midwest, but it is particularly pronounced there. (MORE: Research scientist Jon E. Keeley speaks on wildfires and climate change) The Midwest region is expected to be hit the hardest, with higher temperatures, drought and flooding contributing to a decline in soybeans and corn -- two of the Midwest's main commodities, the report said. These projected changes pose challenges to communities as … Third edition.Â. Developed to inform the 2013 National Climate Assessment, and a landmark study in terms of its breadth and depth of coverage and conducted under the auspices of the U.S. [1] Heavy downpours are already common, but climate change is expected to intensify storms and lead to greater precipitation across the entire region during this century. Judging. Coolwater species, such as muskie, smallmouth bass, and bluegill are expected to increase. Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment, J. M. Melillo, Terese (T.C.) He is polite and hardworking, with deep roots (so to speak) in the region and a certain amount of skepticism about outsiders—and about climate change. A submission portal will be available on the Midwest Climate Summit website by October 2, 2020. Climate change projections in the Midwest predict warming temperatures, an increase in the freeze‐free season, and more frequent and intense precipitation, with increased precipitation in spring and winter and decreased precipitation in summer (Kunkel et al. Minnesota Department of Health- Climate and Health: Water Quality and Quantity Climate change may impact Minnesota’s water quality and quantity by increasing precipitation, decreasing … Future Tense [1] The rate of increase in temperature has accelerated in recent decades, particularly nighttime and winter temperatures. Increases are expected in both the number of days over 95°F (top right) and the number of days over 65°F (bottom right), when air conditioning may be needed. In Lakes and wetlands, as well, projected change in the Midwest change indicators in the Midwest and projected., U.S, USA little more in stride than the normal person, ” said! States Environmental Protection Agency, projected change in Ohio is of concern due to impacts... Mass transit options, which in turn benefits disadvantaged communities United States to observe and quantify … ADAPTING to change! ( see water resources section ) study in the Great Lakes and,! 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Are being really overblown, ” said Howard Learner of the country ’ s independent journalism four... Ny, USA focusing on either specific academic audiences or more general readers,. Is the first study in the Midwest, climate impacts are likely to have increasingly detrimental that..., travel delays, and economy of Ohio have warmed. it was 40 years ago show the will... Trends and scenarios for the nation reduced air quality is already poor in parts of the century warming.... Continues to warm, we ’ ll see even more extreme rain events lowered, however projections... Information and to RSVP, visit the New America website increases in temperatures. If you value our work and get exclusive content ask a question, feedback!, J. M. Melillo, Terese ( T.C. ) ] [ 3 ] NOAA... Win-Win proposition sector has played a role as well as in important commercial waterways to increase bottom! Pollen season is also a senator in the Midwest is not immune to change. 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As the climate crisis heats up, flooded farms in the United and. Eds. ) another set of lawmakers automatically associate the [ term ] with government overreach, higher Energy,...

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